Living Abroad

Getting Around Florence

Getting around Florence can be very confusing at first, but don’t worry; it will eventually become second nature. Just remember to find a reference point in the city (like the Duomo) so you can always orient yourself.  It’s also OK to get lost every now and then (if time permits) because getting un-lost is one of the best ways to learn your way around the city!

On Foot
By Bus
By Taxi
By Bike

On Foot

The best way to see Florence is on foot! The narrow twisting medieval streets and Roman grid-plan of the historical city-center make it ideal for exploring the city on foot. Street names sometimes change from corner to corner even though it might not be apparent (Borgo San Lorenzo becomes Via Ginori which becomes Via San Gallo) so it is always a good idea to carry a good map, preferably one with a street index. Free city maps are available from ATAF or you can purchase one at the tourist information office (APT) on Via Cavour, but you might want to invest in a sturdier map (maps in the Streetwise series are both plastic coated and include a street index) from a local bookshop or newspaper stand.

Street names are located on marble or granite plaques attached to the sides of buildings and there are two street numbering systems – one black, for private residences, one red, for businesses.  Good walking shoes are important, as you will soon notice the uneven cobble-stoned streets and narrow sidewalks that are characteristic of most Italian cities.  A word of caution: be sure to watch out for traffic, as it is not uncommon for bikers, motor scooters and even the occasional car to be found going the wrong way down a one-way street.  Try to cross streets at designated crosswalks (white striped areas) but don’t assume that vehicles will automatically stop for you!

By Bus

Should you want to explore further afield to the surrounding suburban areas and other local townships (the Cascine park, Bagno a Ripoli, the Altrarno area, etc.) you can do so on Florence’s extensive bus system. City buses, operated by ATAF , are orange in color or white/black and either run in a loop (like the #12 and #13 that lead up to Piazzale Michelangelo) or back and forth between two capolinee, or major departure points. Buses can only be taken from an established stop, fermata, designated by an orange sign with the number and name of the route.

The black dot-arrow combination pointing towards future bus stops on the route is a helpful indication of the direction the bus will be traveling.  As your bus is approaching the fermata, signal the driver to stop by waving, otherwise he might not pick you up.

You can download route timetables and other information (in English!) from and bus maps are available in the ATAF Sala Servizo Clienti (Customer Service Office) in Piazza stazione.

Get directions using Google Maps. It provides step-by-step instructions, schedules, and calculates travel time.  You can conveniently print the map and to take with you, just in case you get lost.TIP: Insert exact addresses.  It takes just one word to completely change the address.

Before boarding, you can purchase an ATAF ticket at any authorized vendor including Tabacchi shops, bars, newspaper stands and the ATAF office at the central train station. For a higher price, you may also buy tickets on board with cash only.  Tickets need to be validated upon boarding the bus by using the machines located in either the front or back of the bus. Tickets and are good for 90 minutes of ride time – no matter how many transfers you make.  The chart on the next page outlines the different types of tickets.

Be aware of the following:

¨ Riding the bus without a properly validated ticket is not only illegal and can incur hefty fines, but also gives Italians a bad impression of foreigners – remember, we are all ambassadors of our home country as well as guests in Florence.

¨ Student discounted unlimited monthly bus passes that cost 23 Euro are only available to EU students.   DO NOT PURCHASE THE STUDENT DISCOUNTED UNLIMITED MONTHLY BUS PASS. Authorized ticket counters, including 'tabbachi' shops will try to sell you the discounted pass, as they are not aware that non-EU students cannot get these discounted passes. If you purchase this type of pass, be aware that you will be fined by the ATAF ticket controllers regardless of who sold you the pass.

¨ Tickets are randomly checked by plain-clothed ATAF employees who will require you to provide accurate identification (a photocopy of your passport or your student ID card will work) as well as a properly validated bus ticket. The fine usually must be paid on the spot to the controller or within 5 working days of the issuance of the ticket at the ATAF office at the central train station.

¨ While the ATAF bus system provides comprehensive coverage of the city by day, there are only a few bus routes that operate late at night, and these run rather infrequently. Plan accordingly.

By Taxi

Taxis in Florence are white, quick and reliable, but often quite expensive!  You will need to call a taxi (see numbers below) or catch one from a designated taxi stand; you cannot hail a cab on the street as you may be used to doing in New York or London.  If calling, you will need to provide the operator with the address from which you need to be picked up and at times phone number.  You will be given the name and number “Sigla” (“Roma 23”) of the cab that has been assigned to your service, along with the expected arrival wait time – usually 3-5 minutes. The operator could put you on hold for a moment before he gives you the sigla.  Once you are in the taxi, give the driver the address to which you are traveling. You may reserve a tax only within 24 hours of the pickup time. If you need to use a credit card, you must specify when making the reservation. 

Fare rates are posted in the cab, but there are surcharges for the phone request service. Other ypes of surcharges are using a tax on Sunday, holiday and late night travel; the transport of baggage; and trips outside of the urban center.  During the day, you should expect to pay between 8 and 12 Euros for a city-wide journey, while at night this will cost between 9 and 16 Euros. There is a 10% discount for single females traveling alone between 10pm and 2am, but you must ask the driver as soon as you get in the car. Tipping is a courtesy and by no means expected.

Taxi Numbers:   055-4390   055-4242   055-4798

Taxi Stands:

Piazza del Duomo, Piazza Beccaria, Piazza delle Cure, Piazzale Donatello, Viale Mazzini,

Piazza San Marco, Piazza della Repubblica, Piazza Ferrucci, Piazzale Porta Romana, Piazza Alberti, Stazione Santa Maria Novella

By Bike

If you are cautious and ride defensively, a bike is a great way to move around Florence.  The city is relatively flat and there are bike lanes surrounding the entire historical center.  Follow basic safety rules: wear a helmet, ride on the right-hand side of the road, follow traffic and obey traffic signals and signs. Be sure to invest in a sturdy lock – as bike theft is rampant in Florence!

Used bikes can be hard to find but some stores will rent bikes or buy them back for a portion of the purchase price at the end of the semester. Below is a list of bicycle vendors students have recommended in the past.

Florence by Bike (Near Piazza Independenza)

Via San Zanobi, 120-122r

055-480 814 

La bottega della Bici (near SU Florence campus)

Via Fra’ Bartolommeo, 2r 


New and used bikes.

Ciclicitta’ (Piazza Ravenna area)

Via G.P. Orsini, 4/a

055-680 0069

Berti Fernando Eredi (Campo di Marte area)

Via Volturno, 1/r

055-587 196

Cooperativa Ulisse (Hospital San Salvi, near Campo Marte)

Via San Salvi, 12 

055-650 5295

used/refurbished bike sales on Friday mornings 9:00-1:00

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